Natural Health Answers for

First Aid

Natural Remedies for Cuts and Splinters, Bruises, Minor Injury, Strains and Sprains, Burns, Bites and Stings.


Bites and Stings

Bruises, Minor Injury, and Sprains

Burns and sunburn

Cuts, Grazes and Splinters

First Aid Kits

Safety for Children

All supplements are taken at your own risk. Always read instructions on any product. Information on this site is not intended in any way as prescription or diagnosis, and is not a substitute for the advice of a doctor or other suitably qualified health professional. If you have a medical condition, or take prescription medication, please seek medical advice. Please read Terms and Conditions before using this website.

insect bites


and Stings

Animal bites, jellyfish, severe insect stings etc. need medical attention.

Pyrethrum Spray. 

natural herbs for insect bites

Sounds like an insecticide, but is in fact the brand name of an amazingly useful Nelson’s product. Pyrethrum is a small, non-aerosol spray with a combination of herbs. It is excellent for stings, bites and itches.

I never go out without it in summer, it can be used for bee and wasp stings, nettles, flea or mosquito bites, and so much more. Even allergic rashes or hives usually respond. One or two quick sprays, no need to rub it in.

Obviously you should check the ingredients in case you are sensitive to any of them:
Hypericum Perforatum tincture 2.4%, Rumex crispus tincture 2.4%, Echinacea angustifolia tincture 1.2%, Ledum palustre tincture 2.4%,Calendula officinalis tincture 4.8%, Arnica montana tincture 1.2%, Pyrethrum pale extract 4.8%
Other similar sprays are on the market. Their ingredients may vary and I have no personal experience of them.


bites and stingsA homeopathic remedy prepared with bee venom,

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A homeopathic remedy made from a plant called Marsh Tea: Ledum Palustre.

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Vitamin B1

vitamin B1Are you the kind of person every biting insect loves? It is possible you may benefit from extra vitamin B1, also called Thiamine. There are studies suggesting that taking large doses helps reduce insect bites - or our reaction to them. It seems to be especially effective for those who have a hypersensitive or allergic response. This safe vitamin apparently produces a skin odour that is not detectable by humans.

It takes about 2 weeks before the odour fully saturates the skin, and you need to take high doses of at least 150mg. day. Ideal before a holiday in a mosquito-infested region, but don't ignore other sensible measures such as covering exposed skin. This vitamin will not work for everyone. In malarial regions please take medical advice and/or consult a qualified homeopath.

This is the basis of the folk remedy for bites - eating lots of Marmite/yeast extract. These may top up your daily levels of some B vitamins including B1, however they do not contain nearly enough vitamin B1 to be effective.

Is B1 safe for me?
Vitamin B1 is nontoxic, even in very high amounts. Older people tend to absorb less B1, and alcoholics tend to be deficient in B1. Certain medications may increase our need for B1 (some diuretics, contraceptives, antidepressants) but there are no known drug interactions. In normal doses, there are no problems with the other B vitamins contained in B complex, but if in doubt, please consult a doctor, pharmacist or other qualified health professional.


broken bones

Bruises, Sprains

and Broken Bones

Severe injuries and broken bones require medical attention.

Arnica .

A delightful yellow mountain flower, also known as 'fall herb'. Long used in the healing of bruises and bleeding. Arnica can take the pain and swelling out of a bruise in an unbelievably short time. For toddlers learning to walk, or older accident prone children, I would not be without it. Indeed I often use it myself.

Arnica herbal cream or ointment is widely available, in many health shops and chemists.

I find Weleda Arnica Lotion most useful, as drops can be applied so easily to any bruise, even on the head, with no mess. It does not need rubbing in, so it does not hurt. The lotion can also be used in a poultice, mixed according to directions with boiled/cooled water. Soak a folded paper towel in this, and lay it on the bruise for a while. Not recommended on broken skin – use Marigold instead.

Ask a health food shop or pharmacist for Arnica Lotion or tincture.

Homeopathic Arnica

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comfrey for bonesSymphytum Officionale has long been used traditionally for wounds and injuries. Its common name is knit-bone.

Comfrey can safely be used externally for sprains and broken bones. Creams or ointments can be applied, direct to the (unbroken) skin or on a dressing. You can also make a poultice from fresh Comfrey.  Crush the fresh leaves gently and lay directly on the  skin, cover with a clean damp cloth. Or simmer leaves for 5 minutes/crushed roots for 10-15 minutes, and use the cooled liquid on paper towels or clean cloths. All external treatments should be repeated several times a day, for up to 30 minutes.

Comfrey should not be taken internally without professional advice.

Severe injuries and broken bones require medical attention.

Homeopathic Comfrey (Symphytum) is non-toxic and quite safe, if taken according to instructions.

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Homeopathic Remedies for Sprains

sprains and strainsThere are many homeopathic remedies, useful in different circumstances for sprains, strains and broken bones. It may benefit you to consult a professional homeopath. And please do not forget the advice of your doctor, physiotherapist, osteopath or chiropractor.

Two common remedies, widely available in health shops and chemists, may assist with healing of sprains and strains. These are Sorry – information removed for reconstruction. Please see special note at end of page.

A sprain is an injury of a tendon or ligament. Tendons and ligaments are tough structures, like ropes, that join bones to other bones or muscles. They have a poor blood supply when compared with skin or muscles, so they are slow to heal: it is common for a sprain to take 6 weeks to recover. It is essential not to overwork the injury while it heals, though if not severe, gentle movement can help.

Bathing can help immediately after the injury. I recommend alternate hot and cold bathing, if this is appropriate for the location (not on broken skin). Use a bowl, bucket, or cloths depending on which part is injured. As hot as you can bear, for a few minutes, then cold (add ice if you can) for a few minutes. Alternate for half an hour, several times a day, finishing on cold. This stimulates the blood supply to the injury and so assists natural healing.

About pain.
Pain is natural and necessary, to a degree, as it prevents harmful movement of the injury. For this reason, excessive painkillers may be counter-productive and delay healing.

Long-term cold applications such as ice-packs may relieve pain, but may restrict blood flow to the detriment of healing.

Elevating the affected part helps stop fluid accumulating.

Compression with bandages may be appropriate, please take professional advice.

See also Sports Injury

And How to Take Homeopathic Remedies.

Other treatments, or homeopathic remedies, may be more appropriate, especially if you have a serious injury, severe pain, broken bones or severe swelling. Please use your common sense and take professional advice.



Burns and Scalds

Heat, friction, electricity, chemicals, or radioactivity cause burns. Hot liquids cause scalds. Burns include sunburn.

Any burn that is bigger than the palm of the hand needs urgent medical attention; there is a danger of both shock, fluid loss from the wound, and infection. Severe sunburn, or sunstroke (weakness or faintness, hot/cold sensations, headache, visual disturbance), also need urgent medical attention. Unlike other burns, sunburn may nbot become apparent for some hours.

Degrees of Burn
Burns are described according to the depth of injury. A first-degree burn affects the outer layer of skin, and causes heat, redness and pain. A second-degree burn causes damage to the dermis layers, below the skin, and also results in blistering. A third degree burn destroys both the upper and lower layers, and the nerve endings. This burn causes pain followed by numbness and loss of sensation.

Do not leave any external application on a burn, especially above a first degree burn.

Homeopathic Remedies for Burns

Use 6C or 30 C potencies, repeated as needed see How to Take Homeopathic Remedies.

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Cantharis potency for second-degree burns or sunburn, helps prevent blistering. Get professional guidance.

Herbal Remedies for Burns

Aloe Vera
The gel from Aloe Vera plants is a natural anti-inflammatory and can safely be used on minor burns. Buy the purest gel you can: I recommend Lily of the Desert Aloe Vera gel.

Calendula (above) for first degree burns or sunburn; helps heal the skin and reduce pain. External dressings such as herbal poultices, can be applied to minor burns but must be removed after 30 minutes. Please do not try to apply ointments to a painful burn, and then wipe them off again!
Homeopathic Calendula Sorry – information removed for reconstruction. Please see special note at end of page.

Lavender Oil
lavender oil on burnsLavender oil is anti-inflammatory, anti- bacterial and anti-fungal, relaxing and mildly analgesic (pain-relieving). In studies, Lavender oil has inhibited and destroys the growth of numerous harmful bacteria, including typhoid, pneumonia, T.B. and diptheria.

I can find no research whatsoever for the use of lavender oil on minor burns (I would never recommend self-treatment of severe burns). However, there are numerous anecdotal accounts of using it to good effect. To these, I can add my own opinion. Please note, this is a personal opinion and not medical fact.

French scientist Rene-Maurice Gattefosse is credited with discovering Lavender oil's healing properties on burns, when he was severely burnt during a laboratory accident. He plunged the wound into pure lavender oil - to good effect. He went on to treat serious burns and war injuries while he was a surgeon in the French army.

I have frequently used pure Lavender oil for minor burns, on myself, my friends and my child. In fact, I keep a bottle in the kitchen - site of most household burns - and always take one on holiday too. I apply it neat and direct to the skin, broken or otherwise, as soon as possible. It does not sting. I keep applying it for 1 - 2 days, depending on the pain level. I personally find it very effective in:
  1. relieving pain
  2. promoting skin healing
  3. reducing infection.
Sometimes for sunburn, I have mixed a few drops with Aloe Vera gel. You can dilute it with other oils, or creams, but I would be very careful about this for burns, because of the risk of infection (see notes at start).
Please note, this is a personal opinion and not medical fact or a recommendation for you.

vitamins C and E, and mixed carotenoids, may assist in protecting against ultraviolet damage.

Make sure your Lavender oil is 100% pure essentail oil, preferably organic. Keep the opening of the bottle really clean.
Avoid in pregnancy. Stop use if irritation occurs. Excess may cause sleeplessness (yes, really) or nausea.


Cuts, grazes

and splinters

Cleaning Wounds

A natural remedy is not a substitute for good basic hygeine. Wash your own hands and those of your invalid, and wash the wound itself with ordinary (unperfumed) soap and water. Wipe away from the wound to avoid contamination. Dry carefully using paper towels, so no fluff sticks. No disinfectants or iodine are needed for everyday, minor wounds.

Beware of excessive bleeding. Direct pressure over the cut with a clean bandage is usually enough to stop bleeding from a small cut. Larger wounds need the edges drawing together. You can use a butterfly bandage; if this is not enough, get it stitched at once.

Use sterile, non-stick dressings if one is required.

Severe or infected injuries require medical attention.

Marigold (Calendula)

calendula The common Marigold is a fantastic and gentle healing herb. Suitable for all cuts, grazes and minor injuries (also aids healing from surgery or skin diseases, with professional supervision). Marigold helps healing by speeding up the rate at which the skin makes new cells.

Often used in combination with St. John’s Wort (Hypericum) as HyperCal ointment or cream. Hypericum is especially useful for puncture wounds: see below.

Calendula or Hypercal cream, or ointment (an ointment is greasier), is widely available.

Weleda also make Calendula lotion, useful for bathing wounds. For a very sore wound, such as from barbed-wire, mix Calendula lotion in boiled/cooled water as directed, soak kitchen towels or clean cloths and lay over the wound. As the pain reduces, you will be able to clean and dress the wound as needed.


splintersThe "Homeopathic tweezers"!
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first aid

First Aid Kits

My First Aid Box

What do you keep in yours? I find it has changed as my child has grown older. she is 13 now and here are some of the things I value.

You cannot take homeopathic or any other medicines/liquids/tablets through airports without being x-rayed. We now believe homeopathic remedies do still work after x-ray.

Plasters, various
Non-stick dressings
Tape (not elastoplast)
Special dressings for excessive bleeding in small wounds
Butterfly plasters
A gauze bandage and safety pin
Wipes, I use calendula wipes; any non-alcohol and non-perfumed wipes.
A selection of homeopathic remedies (see kits below), including those I know work well for myself and my family.
Paracetamol for the grown-ups.
Pyrethrum spray (see above) for bites
Insect repellents various
Lavender oil
Tea tree oil
Arnica lotion
Hypercal cream
Vitamin C capsules
Scissors, tweezers, a needle (not in hand luggage on a plane).

Homeopathic First Aid Kits

You can order these kits direct from homeopathic pharmacies. They are produced by Helios Pharmacy, in a handy small plastic case. Prices  generally do not include delivery.

Kits available include:


18 remedies for everyday family use. The original kit.
Aconite 30c, Apis 30, Arnica 30, Arsenicum 30, Belladonna 30c, Bryonia 30, Cantharis 30, Chamomilla 30c, Gelsemium 30c, Hypericum 30, Ignatia 30c, Ledum 30, Merc Viv 30, Nux Vomica 30c, Pulsatilla 30c, Rhus Tox 30, uta 30c, Silica 30c.

Basics Plus        

The original 18 remedies with a further 18 to cover a wider range of situations.
Aconite 30c, Apis 30, Arnica 30, Arsenicum 30, Belladonna 30c, Bryonia 30, Cantharis 30, Chamomilla 30c, Gelsemium 30c, Hypericum 30, Ignatia 30c, Ledum 30, Merc Viv 30, Nux Vomica 30c, Pulsatilla 30c, Rhus Tox 30, uta 30c, Silica 30c.

PLUS Ant tart 30, Arg nit30, Calc carb 30, Calendula 30, Carbo veg 30, China 30, Drosera 30, Hepar sulp 30, Ipecac 30, Kali bich 30, Lachesis 30, Lycopodium 30, Mag phos 30, Natrum mur 30, Phosphorus 30, Sepia 30, Staphisagria 30, Sulphur 30.

First Aid Kit                

18 remedies especially for accidents, emergencies and first aid situations; ideal to keep in the car or take hiking.
Aconite 200c, Apis 200c, Arnica 200c, Arsenicum 200c, Belladonna 200c, Bellis 200c, Bryonia 200c, Calendula 200c, Cantharis 200c, Carbo Veg 200c, China 200c, Gelsemium 200c, Hypericum 200c, Ignatia 200c, Ipecacuanha 200c, Phosphorus 200c, Pulsatilla 200c, Silica 200c.


Safety for Children

Severe injuries and broken bones require medical attention. Please use your common sense, and above all, do not put children at risk.

All the external treatments are, to the best of my knowledge, safe for children and even for babies. External treatments are safe in sensible amounts on unbroken skin, if there is no sensitivity to ingredients. For supplements, please ask for advice about use with infants or children.

Homeopathic remedies are quite safe for children if taken as directed; please consult your homeopath, contact me or see How to Take Homeopathic Remedies.

For more individual guidance, please use the Natural Health Answers REPORT.

For your own peace of mind, please read my Terms and Conditions.

See also

Safe Supplements in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding: Natural Remedies
Pregnancy and Childbirth: Natural Remedies
Childrens Dosages of Natural Remedies
Children's Illnesses, warts veruccas bedwetting, fevers and more
Crying Babies

Pregnancy Childbirth and Breastfeeding, full list of topics

How to Take Homeopathic Remedies

Note: Reconstruction of homeopathic sections of website

‘Homeopathic treatment’ does not imply cure, but an individual analysis of your situation and the selection of homeopathic remedies suited to you. No homeopathic medicines mentioned on this site should be taken as prescriptive, and you should always seek qualified advice before selecting homeopathic medicines for yourself or your children. Homeopathic medicine is complementary to good quality medical support, not a substitute. Please use your common sense, and always read instructions on any product.

Changes in UK law oblige me to remove suggested usage from specific homeopathic medicines. Homeopathy is still entirely legal, and available just as before, but medicines are now categorised as ‘’unlicensed products’. I apologise for this inconvenience. It is my opinion that restricting this information makes the use of homeopathic medicines less accurate and reliable for the general public.

Although I cannot give general guidelines on the website, you may still consult me, or another qualified homeopath, as an individual client. As this is more time-consuming, I may have to charge for this service

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